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8-9 November 2018



This year’s event comes under a new format and name to continue the tradition of our annual Conference in ‘Berlin Process Series’, organized by Cooperation and Development Institute - CDI and supported by Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - KAS, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung – FES, and Hanns Seidel Stiftung – HSS. The three previous editions of the ‘Berlin Process Series’ Conferences were designed to provide in-depth analysis of the Berlin Process Summits, as well as what changed in between two summits regarding the WB6 Regional Cooperation and WB6 Connectivity Agenda. The event has now become an annual benchmark for experts, researchers, academicians, CSO and policy-makers involved in EU Enlargement in WB6, in Regional Cooperation, and Connectivity dynamics. TCF18 will address the progress of EU Connectivity Agenda projects in transport, energy and youth, focused on their governance; and the contribution of connectivity to WB6 accession to EU. On Thursday, November 8, three thematic panels will take place:

 1. Transport: Adjustment Costs and Governance Challenges This panel will focus on WB6 infrastructure adjustment costs induced by the Connectivity Agenda. It is organized in partnership with KAS. The focus will be on the region's deficit on transport infrastructure that Berlin process dynamics has "uncovered"; the Berlin Process contribution; and on the role that governance factor amongst other, has in tackling them. Main topics are:

  • challenges of transport connectivity in WB6 (such as poor coverage, micro-connectivity, weak institutional framework for public investment management, poor regional coordination, etc.)
  • adjustment costs on connectivity infrastructure and contribution of Berlin Process-induced dynamics;
  • the "transport connectivity factor" in Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

       2. Energy: Regional Cooperation and Good Governance This panel will deal with challenges in the way towards an integrated regional energy market, integrated in the EU internal energy market. It is organized in partnership with FES. The focus will be on achievements and challenges of regional energy generation and of transmission networks; the cross-border cooperation, and; the role of good governance in the implementation of acquis in energy generation with transmission projects. Main topics are:

  • current situation in the WB6 Energy Market on adoption of soft measures; Cross-Border issues with governance challenges regarding connectivity project management with enforcement mechanisms; interaction with the WB6 citizen, etc.;
  • Energy Union roadmap in the Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

       3. Youth: Connecting to their own country The youth panel will deal with people-to-people connectivity, focused on Balkan youth. It is organized in partnership with HSS. The focus will be on bottom-up connectivity angle as seen and experienced by Balkan youngsters, their relation with home country (i.e. how to connect them with their future in the region through education with employment); how to connect with policy-making and reform dynamics by improving their participation in the democratic processes. Main topics are:

  • youth connectivity challenges: (i) geographical (i.e. inter-country / intra WB6-EU); (ii) "vertical": studying with career-wise; (iii) democratic: increased participation in democratic processes, etc.;
  • "youth connectivity factor" in Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

On Friday, November 9, TCF18 will analyze the contribution of Berlin process and of engaged reforms to Enlargement. The second session will focus on the interaction of EU Deepening with the Enlargement on selected sectors such as migration / security / etc.; how connectivity and regional cooperation support reforms engaged in WB6. The panel ‘Reforming and Negotiating’ will underline the necessity of use of “multilayered connectivity” concept and of institutional governance, to complement the normative and institutional approach of Enlargement. It will discuss the expect results, respective cost and relevant challenges expected by the implementation of 6 Strategic Initiatives; the role of key reforms in negotiation dynamics, and the reinvigorating contribution of the Berlin process. Main topics are:

  • 6 Strategic Initiatives and their connection with Berlin proces; their goals, costs, resources and expected impact;
  • "connecting" and "integrating": improvements / insufficiencies / other relevant issues.

The last panel “Deepening and Enlarging” will turn the attention of participants on EU - Western Balkans polity and EU's leverage on WB6 policy-making and in furthering the WB6 reforms. Also, EU can use Enlargement dynamics to stimulate and sustain its own current debate on European values. This panel will cover: (i) interaction of EU Deepening with Enlargement on selected sectors such as migration / security / etc.; (ii) how connectivity and regional cooperation support reforms engaged in WB6; and, (iii) impact and visibility challenges of Enlargement. Main topics are:

  • potential contribution of WB6 in dealing with EU "hot issues" such as migration / security / etc.;
  • the role of Berlin Process in supporting and monitoring reforms in WBS and amplifying EU support for front-loading, screening, scrutiny of governance, impact with visibility, etc.
Tirana Connectivity Forum is organized this year with the partnership of the German and Austrian Embassies in Tirana. Participation is upon invitation only. For more information you can contact alba.brojka@cdinstitute.eu.



TIRANA CONNECTIVITY FORUM

‘Reforming, Deepening, Enlarging’

8-9 November 2018, Hotel Rogner, Tirana

Program of Thursday, 8 November 2018



11:45 – 12:00 REGISTRATION 12:00 – 12:30 WELCOME ADDRESS, Room Antigonea 1 Welcome Address:
  • Dr. Walter GLOS, Head of Albanian Office of Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  • Dr. Klaus FIESINGER, Regional Director for Southeastern Europe of Hanns-Seidel-Foundation
  • Prof. Dr. Wulf LAPINS, Head of Office Friedrich Ebert Foundation Albania
Opening address, "Berlin Process Four Years On, or the Relevance of Being Well-Connected" Ardian HACKAJ – Director of Research, Cooperation & Development Institute, Tirana (CDI). 12:30 - 13:00  KEYNOTE ADDRESS, Room Antigonea 1 Knut FLECKENSTEIN – Member of European Parliament, Belgium 13:00 – 14:00 BREAK 14:30–16:00 Side Event 1. TRANSPORT: ADJUSTMENT COSTS & GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES, Room Antigonea 1

Panel composition
  • Dr. Mario HOLZNER - Deputy Director, Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, Austria
  • Eduard SHALSI – Member of Albanian Parliament, Chairman of Parliamentary Committee on Production Activities, Trade and Environment, Albania
  • Dr. Martin HENZE - Chairman of the Transport Commission of the Economic Council of the CDU and Board Member of GSK Strategy Consultants International, Germany
  • Stephen STORK - Head of Operations, Rule of Law & Good Governance, EU Delegation to Albania
  • Akil KRAJA - Tirana City Councilor, Head of Public Services Committee, Albania

Moderator: Florent MARCIACQ - Austro-French Centre for Rapprochement in Europe, Vienna, and Senior Fellow, Centre international de formation européenne, Nice/Berlin

14:30–16:00 Side Event 2. YOUTH: CONNECTING TO HOME COUNTRY, Room Antigonea 3 Panel composition

  • Etjen XHAFAJ - Deputy Minister, Ministry for Europe & Foreign Affairs, Albania
  • Kejdi MEHMETAJ – Member of the Parliament of Albania
  • Peter GRK - Secretary General of the Bled Strategic Forum and National Coordinator for the Western Balkans, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Slovenia
  • Mak SELIMOVIĆ - President of Bosnia and Herzegovina Association for United Nations
  • Adnan CERIMAGIC – European Stability Initiative Berlin, Germany

Moderator: Dafina PECI - Executive Director of National Youth Congress, Albania

16:00 – 16:30 COFEE BREAK 16:30–18:00 Side Event 3. ENERGY: REGIONAL COOPERATION & GOOD GOVERNANCE, Room Antigonea 1 Panel composition

  • Valdrin LLUKA – Minister for Economic Development, Kosovo
  • Dr. Ilir BEJTJA - Advisor to the Minister, Ministry for Energy and Infrastructure, Albania
  • Dr. Dirk BUSCHLE - Deputy Director of the Energy Community Secretariat in Vienna, Austria
  • Dr. Fabio TAMBONE – Director, Head of External International Relations, The Italian Regulatory Authority for Energy, Networks and Environment (ARERA), Italy
  • Dr. Matthias DORNFELDT - Assistant Professor for energy policy, University Potsdam, Germany

Moderator: Enio CIVICI – Director, SCAN-TV News, Albania

19:30 – 21:30 DINNER

Program of  Friday 9 November



08:45 – 09:15 REGISTRATION

09:15 – 09:45 KEYNOTE ADDRESSES, Room Antigonea 1 Keynote Address  H.E Ilir META - President of the Republic of Albania

Keynote Address  H.E Luigi SORECA - EU Ambassador, Head of the European Delegation to Albania

09:45 - 10:05 COFFEE BREAK

10:05 – 11:35 Panel 1. REFORMING AND NEGOTIATING, Room Antigonea 1

Setting the Scene

: H.E Johann SATTLER– Ambassador of the Republic of Austria to Albania

Panel Composition

  • Etilda GJONAJ – Minister of Justice, Albania
  • Wiesław TARKA –Ambassador, Coordinator for the Berlin Process Summit in Poznan 2019, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland
  • Alexandru ENE – Director of Western Balkans and Regional Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romania
  • Klaus WÖLFER - Director of the Department for EU-enlargement and South-East Europe at the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs in Vienna, Austria

Moderator: Ardian HACKAJ, Director of Research, Cooperation & Development Institute, Albania

11:35 – 11:45 COFFEE BREAK 11:45 – 13:15 Panel 2. DEEPENING AND ENLARGING, Room Antigonea 1 Setting the Scene: H.E Susanne SCHÜTZ – Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Albania

Panel Composition

  • Knut FLECKENSTEIN – Member of European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium
  • Sonila QATO – Minister of State for Protection of Entrepreneurship, Albania
  • Majlinda BREGU – General Secretary-elect of Regional Cooperation Council
  • Christophe HILLION – EU Professor, Europa Institute University ofLeiden, and Centre for European Law – Oslo University, Norway

Moderator: H.E Erwan FOUÉRÉ,  Associate Senior Research Fellow, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels

13:15 – 13:30 CLOSURE of Tirana Connectivity Forum

July 15th, 2019



In the framework of Tirana Connectivity Forum 2019 – TCF19, Cooperation and Development Institute is happy to announce the First Open Call for Papers for this year’s edition.

TCF19 will take place in Tirana on 29-31 October 2019. Its purpose is twofold: i) monitor the progress of connectivity initiatives during the previous year, and; ii) create a stimulating platform that generates new ideas and concrete policy recommendations regarding connectivity and its contribution to the Enlargement and WB6 reforms.

In its 5th edition in its first day TCF will take stock of the progress made in the Connectivity Agenda with focus on energy, transport, and on people-to-people connectivity. Since the Berlin Process Summit of Vienna in 2015 and the endorsement of the first infrastructure connectivity projects, their implementation has substantially advanced, while new projects have entered the implementation pipeline. As a result, their impact is becoming visible at the same time as new challenges are appearing. But, regional institutional cooperation is showing strains as illustrated by the gap between transposition and implementation especially in the sector of energy. People-to-people component has successfully gone through the “inception phase” – the youth exchanges are becoming the new normal.

The second day will focus on challenges of Enlargement and how connectivity can contribute in WB6 reforms and on their path to EU membership. In an ever changing environment marked by Brexit and decoupling of supply chains, WB6 need stronger institutional relations with their European partner institutions, increased peer-to-peer scrutiny, accelerated pace of sector integration, higher involvement of WB6 peers to selected EU fora, higher and better inclusiveness, as well as pragmatic application of conditionality based on institutional integrity compliance. This requires a systemic shift in the way WB6 institutions are supported by their European peers.

During this edition we will try to discuss on the role and contribution of Berlin Process from 2020 onwards. How better connectivity can solidify the WB6 achievements during last 25 years, as well as push the EU Enlargement agenda? The Poznan Summit while underlining the importance of spatial connectivity for WB6 to catch up with their EU peers, also recognized the many challenges met during implementation, and especially the role and capacity of local institutions. Planned stock-taking events in Sarajevo and Pristina illustrate the need for intense coordination amongst WB6, as well as between WB6 and EU. The binary organization by Bulgaria and North Macedonia for the 2020 WBS is an opportunity to shift the connectivity vantage point towards Western Balkans.

Tirana Connectivity Forum has now become an annual benchmark for experts, researchers, academicians, CSO and policy-makers involved in EU Enlargement in WB6, in Regional Cooperation, and Connectivity dynamics. To make the most of this high level gathering, this year CDI and its partners – Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Hanns Seidel Stiftung – will provide a platform for the best research papers that fall into the TCF19 scope.

We particularly will welcome papers from scholars, researchers and professionals reflecting the topics and questions which be broadly discussed during this edition, such as:

  • How the big infrastructure projects impact growth, socio-economic development and / or institutional context of WB6 ?
  • What are the main challenges faced during implementation of the Regional Economic Area?
  • How the gap between law transposition and implementation can be narrowed down ?
  • Can Berlin process contribute to re-launch Enlargement ? If yes, how ?
  • Connectivity and Geopolitics applied to WB6
  • Is the current Enlargement policy ensuring the inclusiveness of WBs in the “new” EU ?
  • Can EU use elements of “Transgovernmental governance method” in the Enlargement policy?
  • Are there any regional societal connectivity patterns and joint migration challenges in WB6?
  • What is the role of youth and civil society in influencing and shaping national and regional debates?
How to apply: All submissions to this call must be individual and include:
  • the CV of the Applicant (Maximum 3 pages);
  • the title and paper proposal (Introduction 200 words max.; main body 1,000 words max.; and conclusion 300 words max.) in English language.
The authors should clearly list the topics abovementioned that were primarily addressed in the paper. Submitted papers should include concrete policy recommendations. Submissions must be sent electronically to info@cdinstitute.eu. It is requested to insert in the subject of the email “CfP TCF19”. Make sure to include in the CV and/or email: Contact information: name, e-mail address, and academic affiliation of the applicant. Deadline for submissions is 11 August 2019.

The organizers will fully cover travel and accommodation expenses of two selected applicants to be part of the discussions during all the open sessions of the Forum. The two selected papers will be part of the Forum Report which will be published and promoted in the first quarter of 2020.