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29 – 31 October 2019

The 5th edition of TCF will take stock of Connectivity Agenda progress with focus on energy, transport, and on people-to-people components. Since the Western Balkans Summit (WBS) of Vienna in 2015 and the endorsement of the first connectivity projects, project implementation has substantially advanced, while new infrastructure projects have entered the pipeline. As a result, Connectivity Agenda impact is becoming visible at the same time as new challenges inherent of implementation phase are appearing.

Moreover, regional institutional cooperation is showing strains as illustrated by the regional trade conflicts, and the gap between transposition and implementation of legal framework. People-to-people component has successfully gone through the “inception phase” – the youth exchanges are becoming the new normal.

Two external factors are directly impacting connectivity in the Western Balkans (WB6): intra- EU developments illustrated by the rise of populism, challenges to the rule of law and Brexit phenomena; and the decoupling of global supply chains translated in increasing pressures that it puts on globalization. While WB6 region is promoted as an optimal FDI destination, geopolitics is interfering with economics impacting firm decision on new value chains, or the Balkan countries trade patterns. The slowing down of EU Enlargement has exposed the fragility of deep-cutting reforms engaged by the WB6 institutions, catching those very institutions in the middle of their transformation process.

The side event on Wednesday morning, 3th of Oct. will look at the contribution of Poznan WBS 2019 into youth policies and developments in Western Balkans. The focus will be on the role that digital economy has on the Balkan youngsters main concern: studying and employment.

The afternoon panels will set the scene for the analysis and debate of the connectivity phenomena in Western Balkans. During the keynote addresses, special invitees will provide an institutional overview of the role and challenges that connectivity projects and regional cooperation have for the Western Balkans region, on their path to EU. The concept of multi- dimensional connectivity and its role in transfer of knowledge and on the convergence dynamic, will be presented as well.

The sub-sequent panels will cover the Connectivity Agenda spatial component: i.e. energy and transport, as well as p2p. In the energy panel, after the presentation of the achievements in energy infrastructure, the debates will focus on regional institutional cooperation, geopolitics and energy security implications, and on Balkan countries challenges impacting the flow between transposition and implementation of legislative framework.

The transport panel will provide an overview of the implementation of transport projects under the Connectivity Agenda, complemented with the challenges they are meeting during their implementation. Special focus will be given to the local institutional capacity and of their role in all the phases of project cycle i.e. planning, construction and operations.

Youth exchanges and migration flows will be the subject of the P2P panel discussions. The increasing number of youngsters visiting the neighbor countries and their immersion in neighbors’ cultures are the biggest investment for the European future of the region. However many individuals are cutting short their journey to EU by migrating. This phenomenon, which is affecting especially the middle class, is depriving Balkan countries from their best and dynamic part, as well as damaging the functioning of local democracy.

In October 31st , TCF19 will put the connectivity in the larger WB6 context by analyzing its interaction with geopolitics and the deep-cutting reforms engaged in the region in the view of EU membership. After taking stock of the current achievements and upcoming challenges of the Western Balkans for 2020, the participants will focus on region’s integration dynamics, consequences of de-globalization and the future scenarios.

As a multi-layered phenomenon, connectivity offers a unique view of the inter-linking between infrastructure projects and the context in which they are implemented. In the panel connectivity and geopolitics, special attention will be paid to emerging patterns of supply chains in the WB6 countries, to the dynamics of regional trade conflicts, as well on the importance that better connectivity has for anchoring the WB6 to EU.

The last panel will focus on regional connectivity and its inter-relations with the deep-cutting institutional reforms engaged in WB6. Being “well governed” is a very important transition quality that makes possible an increased institutional efficiency, bigger impact and secured sustainability of any investment in the adoption of Copenhagen Criteria. In an ever changing environment, stronger relations between WB6 and European institutions, increased peer-to- peer scrutiny, sector integration, involvement of WB6 peers to selected EU fora, higher and better inclusiveness, or conditionality based on integrity compliance require an institutionalized connectivity between European and WB6 institutions.

What will be the role of Berlin Process from 2020? How better connectivity can solidify the WB6 achievements during those 25 years, as well as push the Enlargement agenda? The Poznan Summit while underlining the importance of spatial connectivity for WB6 to catch up with EU peers, also recognized the many challenges met during implementation, and especially the role and capacity of local institutions. Planned stock-taking events in Sarajevo and Pristina illustrate the need for intense coordination between WB6. The binary organization by Bulgaria and North Macedonia of 2020 WBS is an opportunity to shift the connectivity vantage point towards Western Balkans.

The event has now become an annual benchmark for experts, researchers, academicians, CSO, WBS coordinators and other policy-makers involved in EU Enlargement in WB6, in Regional Cooperation, and Connectivity dynamics.

Tirana Connectivity Forum 2019


29 October 2019

15:00 - 18:00SIDE EVENT. Western Balkans Youth Cooperation Platform (WBYCP) | Closed Session

30 October 2019



09:30 – 11:30SIDE EVENT. Youth Challenges and Digital Economy: Building on Poznan WB Summit

Welcome Address

  • Klaus Fiesinger - Regional Director for Southeast Europe, Hanns Seidel Foundation
  • Krisela Hackaj - Western Balkans Youth Cooperation Platform / Executive Director of the Cooperation and Development Institute

Keynote Speaker

Wieslaw Tarka - Coordinator of the Western Balkans Summit in Poznan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Panel members

  • Daniela Boudinova - Special Coordinator for the Berlin Process Summit 2020, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria
  • Florensa Haxhi – Director General, Development Programs and Cooperation Unit, at the Prime Minister’s Office
  • Frank Hantke – Country Director of Friedrich Ebert Stiftung - Prishtina Office
  • Uranik Begu - Executive Director of Innovation Centre Kosovo
  • Marta Szpala - Coordinator for the Think Tank Event of Poznan WBS, Senior fellow at the Department for Central Europe and the Balkans in the Centre for Eastern Studies

Moderator: Meliha Muherina - Young Bled Strategic Forum Programme Director, Project Manager/Centre for European Perspective (Slovenia)

13:00 - 13:15Registration to Tirana Connectivity Forum 2019

13:15 - 13:30Welcome and Rationale
Ardian Hackaj - Director of Research, Cooperation and Development Institute
Stine Klapper - Head of Office, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Tirana
Dr. Tobias Ruettershoff - Director of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung office in Albania
Dr. Klaus Fiesinger - Regional Director for Southeastern Europe of Hanns-Seidel-Foundation

13:30 - 13:45Keynote Address | “Albania as a Western Balkans Critical Connectivity Nod for Transport and Energy”, Belinda Balluku - Minister for Infrastructure and Energy of Albania

13:45 - 14:00Keynote Address | H.E Luigi Soreca - EU Ambassador to Albania

14:00 - 14:15Keynote Speech | Majlinda Bregu - Secretary General of the Regional Cooperation Council

14:15 - 14:45Setting the Scene | “Multidimensional Connectivity and Western Balkans” from David M. Gould- Lead Economist and Program Leader in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region, and Lead Author of “Critical Connections: Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia”, World Bank Group

14:45 - 15:10Coffee break

15:10 - 16:35PANEL 1. Regional Cooperation in Energy

Panel members

  • Marko Radulović - Director General of Directorate for Energy and Energy Efficiency, Ministry of Economy, Montenegro
  • Serafino Stajano - Head of Economic & Trade Sector, Embassy of Italy in Tirana
  • Besnik Leskaj - CEO of ABCONS, in charge for Land Easement and Acquisition for Trans Adriatic Pipeline
  • Mathias Dorndfeldt - Assistant Professor for Energy Policy and Diplomacy at the University of Potsdam

Moderator: Arben Kllokoqi – Electricity Expert, Energy Community Secretariat

16:45 - 18:15PANEL 2. Institutional Challenges in Transport Connectivity

Panel members

  • David M. Gould – Lead Economist and Program Leader in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region, and Lead Author of “Critical Connections: Promoting Economic Growth and Resilience in Europe and Central Asia”, World Bank Group
  • Dr. Antonio Maria Vasile - Vice President of Aeroporti di Puglia S.p.A, Italy
  • Nerejda Hoxha – Desk Officer in charge of Connectivity Reforms, Transport Community Treaty/ The Permanent Secretariat
  • Alessandro Bragonzi – European Investment Bank Representative for Albania, Kosovo*, and North Macedonia

Moderator: Ardian Hackaj – Research Director, Cooperation & Development Institute

16:45 - 18:15PANEL 3. People-to-People Connectivity and Human Capital

Panel members

  • Djuro Blanusa - Secretary General of the Regional Youth Cooperation Office
  • H.E. Peter Zingraf - German Ambassador to Albania
  • Adelheid Feilcke – Head of the Europe Department at Deutsche Welle, Germany
  • Endrit Shabani – Researcher, Academic, Activist / Oxford University, “Thurje” Initiative
  • Ema Smolo - Communications and Project Assistant, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Dialogue Southeast Europe

Moderator: Florent Marciacq - Deputy Secretary General &; Research Fellow, Austro-French Centre for Rapprochement in Europe (ÖFZ, Vienna)

31 October 2019



08:40 - 09:00Registration

09:00 - 10:00Conversation with Former MEPs Eduard Kukan and Knut Fleckenstein | “Western Balkans on their way to EU”

Moderation by Georgi Gotev - Senior Editor of EURACTIV

10:00 - 10:20Keynote speech | from Romana Vlahutin, Special Coordinator and Ambassador at Large for Connectivity in the European External Action Service

10:20 - 10:30Break

10:30 - 11:50PANEL 4. Connectivity and Geopolitics

Panel members

  • Mario Holzner - Executive Director, Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies
  • Daniela Boudinova - Special Coordinator for the Berlin Process Summit 2020, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria
  • Bojan Marijcik - Special Adviser to the Prime Minister of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia for Euro-Atlantic Integration and Chief Technical Negotiator, Government of the Republic of North Macedonia
  • Amanda Rohde - Senior Programme Manager at Friends of Europe

Moderator: Dusan Reljic- Head of SWP Brussels Office, SWP - German Institute for International and Security Affairs

12:00 - 13:15PANEL 5. Country Reforms and Connectivity

Panel members

  • Sokol Dedja – Deputy Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania
  • Marzena Kisielewska - Head of South East Europe Division, Global Relations Secretariat, OECD
  • Steven Blockmans - Head of EU foreign policy, Centre for European Policy Studies, CEPS
  • Christophe Hillion – Professor of Law, University of Oslo, Norwegian Institute of International studies (NUPI) and Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies
  • Pirro Vengu - Head of the Department of Transparency and Anticorruption (DATAK) at the Albanian Prime Minister’s Office

Moderator: Ardian Hackaj - Research Director, Cooperation & Development Institute

13:15 - 13:30Wrap Up

17:30 - 19:00WB6 after 2020 - Forward thinking roundtable | Closed Session


Participation to TCF 2019 is upon invitation only.
If you want to attend or request more information, you can contact inva.nela@cdinstitute.eu.

8-9 November 2018

This year’s event comes under a new format and name to continue the tradition of our annual Conference in ‘Berlin Process Series’, organized by Cooperation and Development Institute - CDI and supported by Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - KAS, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung – FES, and Hanns Seidel Stiftung – HSS. The three previous editions of the ‘Berlin Process Series’ Conferences were designed to provide in-depth analysis of the Berlin Process Summits, as well as what changed in between two summits regarding the WB6 Regional Cooperation and WB6 Connectivity Agenda. The event has now become an annual benchmark for experts, researchers, academicians, CSO and policy-makers involved in EU Enlargement in WB6, in Regional Cooperation, and Connectivity dynamics. TCF18 will address the progress of EU Connectivity Agenda projects in transport, energy and youth, focused on their governance; and the contribution of connectivity to WB6 accession to EU. On Thursday, November 8, three thematic panels will take place:

 1. Transport: Adjustment Costs and Governance Challenges This panel will focus on WB6 infrastructure adjustment costs induced by the Connectivity Agenda. It is organized in partnership with KAS. The focus will be on the region's deficit on transport infrastructure that Berlin process dynamics has "uncovered"; the Berlin Process contribution; and on the role that governance factor amongst other, has in tackling them. Main topics are:

  • challenges of transport connectivity in WB6 (such as poor coverage, micro-connectivity, weak institutional framework for public investment management, poor regional coordination, etc.)
  • adjustment costs on connectivity infrastructure and contribution of Berlin Process-induced dynamics;
  • the "transport connectivity factor" in Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

       2. Energy: Regional Cooperation and Good Governance This panel will deal with challenges in the way towards an integrated regional energy market, integrated in the EU internal energy market. It is organized in partnership with FES. The focus will be on achievements and challenges of regional energy generation and of transmission networks; the cross-border cooperation, and; the role of good governance in the implementation of acquis in energy generation with transmission projects. Main topics are:

  • current situation in the WB6 Energy Market on adoption of soft measures; Cross-Border issues with governance challenges regarding connectivity project management with enforcement mechanisms; interaction with the WB6 citizen, etc.;
  • Energy Union roadmap in the Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

       3. Youth: Connecting to their own country The youth panel will deal with people-to-people connectivity, focused on Balkan youth. It is organized in partnership with HSS. The focus will be on bottom-up connectivity angle as seen and experienced by Balkan youngsters, their relation with home country (i.e. how to connect them with their future in the region through education with employment); how to connect with policy-making and reform dynamics by improving their participation in the democratic processes. Main topics are:

  • youth connectivity challenges: (i) geographical (i.e. inter-country / intra WB6-EU); (ii) "vertical": studying with career-wise; (iii) democratic: increased participation in democratic processes, etc.;
  • "youth connectivity factor" in Enlargement Strategy 2018, in EU Financial Framework 2021-2027, and on Poznan Summit Agenda.

On Friday, November 9, TCF18 will analyze the contribution of Berlin process and of engaged reforms to Enlargement. The second session will focus on the interaction of EU Deepening with the Enlargement on selected sectors such as migration / security / etc.; how connectivity and regional cooperation support reforms engaged in WB6. The panel ‘Reforming and Negotiating’ will underline the necessity of use of “multilayered connectivity” concept and of institutional governance, to complement the normative and institutional approach of Enlargement. It will discuss the expect results, respective cost and relevant challenges expected by the implementation of 6 Strategic Initiatives; the role of key reforms in negotiation dynamics, and the reinvigorating contribution of the Berlin process. Main topics are:

  • 6 Strategic Initiatives and their connection with Berlin proces; their goals, costs, resources and expected impact;
  • "connecting" and "integrating": improvements / insufficiencies / other relevant issues.

The last panel “Deepening and Enlarging” will turn the attention of participants on EU - Western Balkans polity and EU's leverage on WB6 policy-making and in furthering the WB6 reforms. Also, EU can use Enlargement dynamics to stimulate and sustain its own current debate on European values. This panel will cover: (i) interaction of EU Deepening with Enlargement on selected sectors such as migration / security / etc.; (ii) how connectivity and regional cooperation support reforms engaged in WB6; and, (iii) impact and visibility challenges of Enlargement. Main topics are:

  • potential contribution of WB6 in dealing with EU "hot issues" such as migration / security / etc.;
  • the role of Berlin Process in supporting and monitoring reforms in WBS and amplifying EU support for front-loading, screening, scrutiny of governance, impact with visibility, etc.
Tirana Connectivity Forum is organized this year with the partnership of the German and Austrian Embassies in Tirana. Participation is upon invitation only. For more information you can contact alba.brojka@cdinstitute.eu.


‘Reforming, Deepening, Enlarging’

8-9 November 2018, Hotel Rogner, Tirana

Program of Thursday, 8 November 2018

11:45 – 12:00 REGISTRATION 12:00 – 12:30 WELCOME ADDRESS, Room Antigonea 1 Welcome Address:
  • Dr. Walter GLOS, Head of Albanian Office of Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  • Dr. Klaus FIESINGER, Regional Director for Southeastern Europe of Hanns-Seidel-Foundation
  • Prof. Dr. Wulf LAPINS, Head of Office Friedrich Ebert Foundation Albania
Opening address, "Berlin Process Four Years On, or the Relevance of Being Well-Connected" Ardian HACKAJ – Director of Research, Cooperation & Development Institute, Tirana (CDI). 12:30 - 13:00  KEYNOTE ADDRESS, Room Antigonea 1 Knut FLECKENSTEIN – Member of European Parliament, Belgium 13:00 – 14:00 BREAK 14:30–16:00 Side Event 1. TRANSPORT: ADJUSTMENT COSTS & GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES, Room Antigonea 1

Panel composition
  • Dr. Mario HOLZNER - Deputy Director, Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, Austria
  • Eduard SHALSI – Member of Albanian Parliament, Chairman of Parliamentary Committee on Production Activities, Trade and Environment, Albania
  • Dr. Martin HENZE - Chairman of the Transport Commission of the Economic Council of the CDU and Board Member of GSK Strategy Consultants International, Germany
  • Stephen STORK - Head of Operations, Rule of Law & Good Governance, EU Delegation to Albania
  • Akil KRAJA - Tirana City Councilor, Head of Public Services Committee, Albania

Moderator: Florent MARCIACQ - Austro-French Centre for Rapprochement in Europe, Vienna, and Senior Fellow, Centre international de formation européenne, Nice/Berlin

14:30–16:00 Side Event 2. YOUTH: CONNECTING TO HOME COUNTRY, Room Antigonea 3 Panel composition

  • Etjen XHAFAJ - Deputy Minister, Ministry for Europe & Foreign Affairs, Albania
  • Kejdi MEHMETAJ – Member of the Parliament of Albania
  • Peter GRK - Secretary General of the Bled Strategic Forum and National Coordinator for the Western Balkans, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Slovenia
  • Mak SELIMOVIĆ - President of Bosnia and Herzegovina Association for United Nations
  • Adnan CERIMAGIC – European Stability Initiative Berlin, Germany

Moderator: Dafina PECI - Executive Director of National Youth Congress, Albania

16:00 – 16:30 COFEE BREAK 16:30–18:00 Side Event 3. ENERGY: REGIONAL COOPERATION & GOOD GOVERNANCE, Room Antigonea 1 Panel composition

  • Valdrin LLUKA – Minister for Economic Development, Kosovo
  • Dr. Ilir BEJTJA - Advisor to the Minister, Ministry for Energy and Infrastructure, Albania
  • Dr. Dirk BUSCHLE - Deputy Director of the Energy Community Secretariat in Vienna, Austria
  • Dr. Fabio TAMBONE – Director, Head of External International Relations, The Italian Regulatory Authority for Energy, Networks and Environment (ARERA), Italy
  • Dr. Matthias DORNFELDT - Assistant Professor for energy policy, University Potsdam, Germany

Moderator: Enio CIVICI – Director, SCAN-TV News, Albania

19:30 – 21:30 DINNER

Program of  Friday 9 November

08:45 – 09:15 REGISTRATION

09:15 – 09:45 KEYNOTE ADDRESSES, Room Antigonea 1 Keynote Address  H.E Ilir META - President of the Republic of Albania

Keynote Address  H.E Luigi SORECA - EU Ambassador, Head of the European Delegation to Albania

09:45 - 10:05 COFFEE BREAK

10:05 – 11:35 Panel 1. REFORMING AND NEGOTIATING, Room Antigonea 1

Setting the Scene

: H.E Johann SATTLER– Ambassador of the Republic of Austria to Albania

Panel Composition

  • Etilda GJONAJ – Minister of Justice, Albania
  • Wiesław TARKA –Ambassador, Coordinator for the Berlin Process Summit in Poznan 2019, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland
  • Alexandru ENE – Director of Western Balkans and Regional Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romania
  • Klaus WÖLFER - Director of the Department for EU-enlargement and South-East Europe at the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs in Vienna, Austria

Moderator: Ardian HACKAJ, Director of Research, Cooperation & Development Institute, Albania

11:35 – 11:45 COFFEE BREAK 11:45 – 13:15 Panel 2. DEEPENING AND ENLARGING, Room Antigonea 1 Setting the Scene: H.E Susanne SCHÜTZ – Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Albania

Panel Composition

  • Knut FLECKENSTEIN – Member of European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium
  • Sonila QATO – Minister of State for Protection of Entrepreneurship, Albania
  • Majlinda BREGU – General Secretary-elect of Regional Cooperation Council
  • Christophe HILLION – EU Professor, Europa Institute University ofLeiden, and Centre for European Law – Oslo University, Norway

Moderator: H.E Erwan FOUÉRÉ,  Associate Senior Research Fellow, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels

13:15 – 13:30 CLOSURE of Tirana Connectivity Forum